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:: Volume 1, Issue 4 (Volume1- No.4 2021) ::
3 2021, 1(4): 182-189 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy of Health Education Program Based on Health Belief Model(HBM) on HIV/ AIDS Beliefs among high School Female Students in Tehran
Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Khadijeh Soltani, Fatemeh Rahmati- Najarkolaei *
, Health Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (431 Views)
Background and Aim:  The most effective way to prevent transmission of HIV / AIDS, health promotion knowledge and beliefs about preventive behaviors and  abstinence is in adolescents and youths. This study aimed to examined the effects of an educational program on perceptions of high school female students regarding HIV /AIDS based on health belief model (HBM)  in Tehran,Iran .
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed in two girls high schools of  region 8 of Tehran by simple  random sampling . Participants) N=465) selected among 9th, 10th  and 11th grades by census method . Accordingly, all students in these degrees were selected if they had been satisfied to participate in the study.  Data were collected using a valid self- administered questionnaire based on  HBM   including 8 items   (47items) demographic questions, knowledge , perceived barriers , perceived benefits , perceived severity and perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy at initial and 2- month follow up of the study.  CVR, CVI and Cronbachchr('39')s alpha of the total questions were: 0.77, 0.92 and 0.83, respectively.
The intervention group were educated through an educational package based on  HBM through lectures and  question and answer in one session . Two months after intervention all data were gathered and analyzed using descriptive and analytic analysis  such as ANCOVA using SPSS Ver. 18.
Results: Two groups were the same at the beginning of the study in terms of all variables . However, there were significant differences between two groups in terms of knowledge)P<0.05 (  and all health belief model constructs at 2- month follow up (P<0.001).
Conclusion: This study indicated the educational intervention could improve health perceptions of HIV/AIDS among students. Thus, use of this study  will suggest that school health education programs .
Keywords: Education, HIV/AIDS, Students,Tertiary  Prevention,
Keywords: Education, HIV/AIDS, Students, Tertiary Prevention
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/24 | Accepted: 2021/03/10 | Published: 2021/04/3
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Tavafian S S, Soltani K, Rahmati- Najarkolaei F. Efficacy of Health Education Program Based on Health Belief Model(HBM) on HIV/ AIDS Beliefs among high School Female Students in Tehran. 3. 2021; 1 (4) :182-189
URL: http://military-health.ir/article-1-42-en.html

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Volume 1, Issue 4 (Volume1- No.4 2021) Back to browse issues page
نشریه ارتقای بهداشت  نظامی Journal of Military Health Promotion
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